下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Western humanitarian intervention，供大家参考学习，这篇论文讨论了西方人道主义干预。在全球化日益深入、各国对人权日益尊重和保护的今天，人道主义干预已成为国际关系领域中的一个焦点问题。西方人道主义干预有着深刻的政治及经济根源，从本质上说，这是冷战后国际战略力量发展不平衡的必然反映。而运用经济手段，对外实施人道主义干预则是西方人道主义干预的重要手段。
At present, there is no international consensus on the concept of humanitarian intervention and there are various definitions. Chinese scholars generally accepted the new humanitarian intervention ", an international law "suggests concept:" when a country's domestic organized large-scale exist the behavior of the basic human rights abuses, and the government is unable to stop this kind of behavior, or simply to take this kind of behavior, a master or indulge in, or a government is unable or unwilling to assume in the protection of domestic the most basic survival needs of the broad masses of the people of the other shall have the responsibility, without the consent of the international society has taken on the country's political authority, designed to put a stop to this kind of massive human rights violations and meet its people's most basic survival needs of the mandatory intervention. According to this concept, humanitarian intervention should include both non-military and non-military interventions, not only those we normally understand as military interventions."
Humanitarian intervention is not a new phenomenon after the cold war, but has a profound theoretical origin. Chinese scholars generally believe that western humanitarian intervention has a deep connection with "the theory of just war", "natural law" and "political liberalism". In the reality of international relations, interventionist countries generally use "moral standards" to explain his behavior, rather than international law or sovereign standard, with this in mind, they are naturally think of "just war". Natural law thoughts of western human rights theory is not only the original source, is also the first explains the legal basis of humanitarian intervention grau hughes is on the basis of natural law theory put forward some opinions of humanitarian intervention. Liberalism is more realistic and practical, and advocates that human rights have legitimate moral reasons and universality, and it is justified to intervene in order to protect human rights.
Western humanitarian intervention theory at present basically has: "human rights above sovereignty", the principle of non-interference in exceptionalism, humanitarian intervention "legal theory", "new interventionism", "national ShiBaiLun", the new imperialism theory and the latest development of humanitarian intervention theory - "responsibility to protect", etc., which is in other countries' humanitarian intervention for excuse with this.
The prevalence of western humanitarian intervention "has profound political and economic roots, which, in essence, is the inevitable reflection of the unbalanced development of international strategic forces after the cold war. On the one hand, the development of socialism and the third world power has met with major setbacks, and the international strategic pattern is in a period of transition to multi-polarization. On the other hand, the us has a strong position in the world and its ambitions for a unipolar world have grown. There is some less developed areas of the world there is still a race, political or religious sense of tyranny or tyranny, sometimes to the point of basic human rights abuses on a large scale, many countries far behind enough domestic cohesion, even sharp collapse into chaos and even some of the countries, become a "disability" state.
The rapid development of globalization has provided a realistic possibility for humanitarian intervention. As former United Nations secretary-general kofi annan put it, "we are in an era of rapid technological advances, increasing economic interdependence, globalization and geopolitical upheaval. In this era, the relationship between development, security and human rights is even closer. Economic, technological and military developments have reduced the cost of intervention. In particular, the development of Internet technology in recent years has made it possible for interference countries to exert influence on the affected countries through the media. "The development of Internet communication has also promoted people's extensive participation in politics and objectively promoted humanitarian intervention."
"In the 20th century, especially after world war ii the international trend of ethics and legal justice, or they are universal and absolute a historical regression trend of fundamental ethics is a humanitarian intervention frequent deep part of the reason, also is the contemporary concept of ethical and legal basis for the humanitarian intervention." International trend of ethical and legal justice, and the resulting emergence and development of the international law of human rights and the international community intervention rights, to give as a category of humanitarian intervention provides a degree of basis, which is in the 1990 s many specific humanitarian intervention is often a big reason recognized by many countries. "Scholars who support humanitarian intervention believe that humanitarian intervention is based on natural and customary law."
Diplomacy is the most common and frequent method in practice. There are two universal means of diplomatic intervention. "one is the peaceful settlement of international disputes as stipulated in international law. The other type is a common diplomatic sanction, which is generally based on an organizational system.
"Humanitarian intervention" is an important means of humanitarian intervention in the United States by economic means. "Economic instruments, mainly economic aid and economic sanctions, are increasingly being used by the United States as the most important intervention weapon." Especially in the development of economic globalization today, economic means appear more and more important.
Since the end of the cold war, "with the augmentation of the opponent's decline and its strength, the United States increasingly tend to be sloppy and frequent use of force, excuse" humanitarian intervention "with its powerful military strength against weaker countries." Especially in recent years, "new interventionism prevails", "emphasizing military intervention" has become the main means of us external intervention.
Although the United States pursues unilateralism in its diplomatic practice, it does not forget to use international organizations and alliance relations as its legal cover. For example, the United States has taken advantage of the changes in the nature of UN peacekeeping operations to actively participate in UN peacekeeping operations, putting on a "legitimate" appearance for its external intervention. In addition, the United States USES its alliance relations with other countries to conduct humanitarian intervention in other countries, and NATO and oas become the tools for the United States to conduct humanitarian intervention.
China international famous jurist Wang Tieya pointed out that "the concept of humanitarian intervention has never been established in the international law" and "humanitarian intervention is often power for their own political purposes by unilateral compulsive behavior of the weak, abuse of humanitarian." Because of "humanitarian intervention and state sovereignty principle deviation, humanitarian intervention and non-interference principle contradiction, humanitarian intervention, and prohibit the use of force or threat of force principle conflicts, humanitarian intervention is the principle of national self-determination." In conclusion, Chinese scholars generally believe that humanitarian intervention is not legitimate and violates the basic principles of international law.
When western countries consider problems, their basic starting point is their own national interests. Western countries often intervene in other countries on the pretext of humanitarianism in order to achieve certain political interests. That is, humanitarian intervention is not for "humanitarian" purposes, but for the benefit of certain great powers. In western countries, the implementation of the so-called "humanitarian intervention", often want to borrow the name of "humanitarian" to modify other countries and organizations, establish international order beneficial to its own development, which seriously hindered the development of other countries.