辅导案例-57COMP9315-Assignment 1
2020/3/20 14:57COMP9315 20T1 - Assignment 1
⻚码:1/7https://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs9315/20T1/assignments/ass1/index.php
Deadline
Pre-requisites:
Late Penalty:
Marks:
Submission:
COMP9315 20T1 Assignment 1
Adding a PersonName Data Type to
PostgreSQL
DBMS Implementation
Last updated: Thursday 5th March 5:13pm
Most recent changes are shown in red;
older changes are shown in brown.
Aims
This assignment aims to give you
an understanding of how data is treated inside a DBMS
practice in adding a new base type to PostgreSQL
The goal is to implement a new data type for PostgreSQL, complete with input/output functions, comparison
operators, formatting functions, and the ability to build indexes on values of the type.
Summary
Sunday 22 March, 11:59pm
before starting this assignment, it would be useful to complete Prac Work P04
0.08 marks off the ceiling mark for each hour late
This assignment contributes 10 marks toward your total mark for this course.
Webcms3 > Assignments > Ass1 Submission > Make Submission
or, on CSEmachines, give cs9315 ass1 pname.c pname.source
Make sure that you read this assignment specification carefully and completely before starting work on the
assignment.
Questions which indicate that you haven't done this will simply get the response "Please read the spec".
We use the following names in the discussion below
PG_CODE ... the directory where your PostgreSQL source code is located (typically
/srvr/YOU/postgresql-12.1/)
PG_HOME ... the directory where you have installed the PostgreSQL binaries (typically
/srvr/YOU/pgsql/bin/)
PG_DATA ... the directory where you have placed PostgreSQL's data (typically
/srvr/YOU/pgsql/data/)
PG_LOG ... the file where you send PostgreSQL's log output (typically /srvr/YOU/pgsql/data/log)
Introduction
PostgreSQL has an extensibility model which, among other things, provides a well-defined process for
adding new data types into a PostgreSQL server. This capability has led to the development by PostgreSQL
users of a number of types (such as polygons) which have become part of the standard distribution. It also
means that PostgreSQL is the database of choice in research projects which aim to push the boundaries of
what kind of data a DBMS can manage.
In this assignment, we will be adding a new data type for dealing with people's names. "Hmmm", you say,
"but aren't they just text strings, typically implemented as two attributes, one for family name and one for
given names?". That may be true, but making names into a separate base data type allows us to explore
2020/3/20 14:57COMP9315 20T1 - Assignment 1
⻚码:2/7https://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs9315/20T1/assignments/ass1/index.php
how we store and manipulate them.
One common way of writing names (e.g. used in UNSW student systems) is
Shepherd,John Andrew
Lin,Xuemin
Eilish,Billie
Martin, Eric Andre
Lakshminarasimhan,Venkateswaran Chandrasekara
Marshall-Martin, Sally Angela
Featherstone,Albert Basil Ernest George Harold Randolph William
i.e.
FamilyName,GivenNames
We give a more precise description of what text strings are valid PersonNames below.
Adding Data Types in PostgreSQL
The process for adding new base data types in PostgreSQL is described in the following sections of the
PostgreSQL documentation:
37.13 User-defined Types
37.10 C-Language Functions
37.14 User-defined Operators
SQL: CREATE TYPE
SQL: CREATE OPERATOR
SQL: CREATE OPERATOR CLASS
Section 37.13 uses an example of a complex number type, which you can use as a starting point for defining
your PersonName data type (see below). There are other examples of new data types under the directories:
PG_CODE/contrib/chkpass/ ... an auto-encrypted password datatype
PG_CODE/contrib/citext/ ... a case-insensitive character string datatype
PG_CODE/contrib/seg/ ... a confidence-interval datatype
These may or may not give you some useful ideas on how to implement the PersonName data type. For
example, many of these data types are fixed-size, while PersonNames are variable-sized. A potentially
useful example of implementing variable-sized types can be found in:
PG_CODE/src/tutorial/funcs.c ... implementation of several data types
Setting Up
You ought to start this assignment with a fresh copy of PostgreSQL, without any changes that you might
have made for the Prac exercises (unless these changes are trivial). Note that you only need to configure,
compile and install your PostgreSQL server once for this assignment. All subsequent compilation takes
place in the src/tutorial directory, and only requires modification of the files there.
Once you have re-installed your PostgreSQL server, you should run the following commands:
$ cd PG_CODE/src/tutorial
$ cp complex.c pname.c
$ cp complex.source pname.source
Note the pname.* files will contain many references to complex; I do not want to see any remaining
occurences of the word complex in the files that you eventually submit. These files simply provide a
template in which you create your PersonName type.
2020/3/20 14:57COMP9315 20T1 - Assignment 1
⻚码:3/7https://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs9315/20T1/assignments/ass1/index.php
Once you've made the pname.* files, you should also edit the Makefile in this directory and add the
green text to the following lines:
MODULES = complex funcs pname
DATA_built = advanced.sql basics.sql complex.sql funcs.sql syscat.sql pname.sql
The rest of the work for this assignment involves editing only the pname.c and pname.source files. In
order for the Makefile to work properly, you must use the identifier _OBJWD_ in the pname.source file to
refer to the directory holding the compiled library. You should never modify directly the pname.sql file
produced by the Makefile. Place all of your C code in the pname.c file; do not create any other *.c files.
Note that your submitted versions of pname.c and pname.source should not contain any references to the
complex type. Make sure that the documentation (comments in program) describes the code that you
wrote. Leaving the word complex anywhere in a pname.* file will cost 1 mark.
The Person Name Data Type
We wish to define a new base type PersonName to represent people's names, in the format
FamilyName,GivenNames. We also aim to define a useful set of operations on values of type
PersonName and wish to be able to create indexes on PersonName attributes. How you represent
PersonName values internally, and how you implement the functions to manipulate them internally, is up to
you. However, they must satisfy the requirements below.
Once implemented correctly, you should be able to use your PostgreSQL server to build the following kind of
SQL applications:
create table Students (
zid integer primary key,
name PersonName not null,
degree text,
-- etc. etc.
);
insert into Students(zid,name,degree) values
(9300035,'Shepherd, John Andrew', 'BSc(Computer Science)'),
(5012345,'Smith, Stephen', 'BE(Hons)(Software Engineering)');
create index on Students using hash (name);
select a.zid, a.name, b.zid
from Students a join Students b on (a.name = b.name);
select family(name), given(name), show(name)
from Students;
select name,count(*)
from Students
group by name;
Having defined a hash-based file structure, we would expect that the queries would make use of it. You can
check this by adding the keyword EXPLAIN before the query, e.g.
db=# explain analyze select * from Students where name='Smith,John';
which should, once you have correctly implemented the data type and loaded sufficient data, show that an
index-based scan of the data is being used. Note that this will only be evident if you use a large amount of
2020/3/20 14:57COMP9315 20T1 - Assignment 1
⻚码:4/7https://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs9315/20T1/assignments/ass1/index.php
data (e.g. one of the larger test data samples to be provided).
Person Name values
Valid PersonNames will have the above format with the following qualifications:
there may be a single space after the comma
there will be no people with just one name (e.g. no Prince, Jesus, Aristotle, etc.)
there will be no numbers (e.g. noGates, William 3rd)
there will be no titles (e.g. no Dr, Prof, Mr, Ms)
there will be no initials (e.g. no Shepherd,John A)
In other words, you can ignore the possibility of certain types of names while implementing your input and
output functions.
A more precise definition can be given using a BNF grammar:
PersonName ::= Family','Given | Family', 'Given
Family ::= NameList
Given ::= NameList
NameList ::= Name | Name' 'NameList
Name ::= Upper Letters
Letter ::= Upper | Lower | Punc
Letters ::= Letter | Letter Letters
Upper ::= 'A' | 'B' | ... | 'Z'
Lower ::= 'a' | 'b' | ... | 'z'
Punc ::= '-' | "'"
You should not make any assumptions about the maximum length of a PersonName.
Under this syntax, the following are valid names:
Smith,John
Smith, John
O'Brien, Patrick Sean
Mahagedara Patabendige,Minosha Mitsuaki Senakasiri
I-Sun, Chen Wang
Clifton-Everest,Charles Edward
The following names are not valid in our system:
Jesus # no single-word names
Smith , Harold # space before the ","
Gates, William H., III # no initials, too many commas
A,B C # names must at least 2 letters
Smith, john # names begin with an upper-case letter
Think about why each of the above is invalid in terms of the syntax definition.
Important: for this assignment, we define an ordering on names as follows:
the ordering is determined initially by the ordering on the Family Name
2020/3/20 14:57COMP9315 20T1 - Assignment 1
⻚码:5/7https://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs9315/20T1/assignments/ass1/index.php
if the Family Names are equal, then the ordering is determined by the Given Names
ordering of parts is determined lexically
There are examples of how this works in the section on Operations on PersonNames below.
Representing Person Names
The first thing you need to do is to decide on an internal representation for your PersonName data type. You
should do this, however, after you have looked at the description of the operators below, since what they
require may affect how you decide to structure your internal PersonName values.
When you read strings representing PersonName values, they are converted into your internal form, stored
in the database in this form, and operations on PersonName values are carried out using this data structure.
It is useful to define a canonical form for names, which may be slightly different to the form in which they are
read (e.g. "Smith, John" might be rendered as "Smith,John"). When you display PersonName values, you
should show them in canonical form, regardless of how they were entered or how they are stored.
The first functions you need to write are ones to read and display values of type PersonName. You should
write analogues of the functions complex_in(), complex_out that are defined in the file complex.c.
Call them, e.g., pname_in() and pname_out(). Make sure that you use the V1 style function interface (as
is done in complex.c).
Note that the two input/output functions should be complementary, meaning that any string displayed by the
output function must be able to be read using the input function. There is no requirement for you to retain the
precise string that was used for input (e.g. you could store the PersonName value internally in a different
form such as splitting it into two strings: one for the family name(s), and one for the given name(s)).
One thing that pname_in() must do is determine whether the name has the correct structure (according to
the grammar above). Your pname_out() should display each name in a format that can be read by
pname_in().
Note that you are not required to define binary input/output functions, called receive_function and
send_function in the PostgreSQL documentation, and called complex_send and complex_recv in the
complex.cfile.
As noted above, you cannot assume anything about the maximum length of names. If your solution uses two
fixed-size buffers (one for family, one for given) then your mark is limited to 6/10.
Operations on person names
You must implement all of the following operations for the PersonName type:
PersonName1 = PersonName2 ... two names are equal
Two PersonNames are equivalent if, they have the same family name(s) and the same given name(s).
PersonName1: Smith,John
PersonName2: Smith, John
PersonName3: Smith, John David
PersonName4: Smith, James
(PersonName1 = PersonName1) is true
(PersonName1 = PersonName2) is true
(PersonName2 = PersonName1) is true (commutative)
(PersonName2 = PersonName3) is false
(PersonName2 = PersonName4) is false
2020/3/20 14:57COMP9315 20T1 - Assignment 1
⻚码:6/7https://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs9315/20T1/assignments/ass1/index.php
PersonName1 > PersonName2 ... the first PersonName is greater than the second
PersonName1 is greater than PersonName2 if the Family part of PersonName1 is lexically greater than
the Family part of PersonName2. If the Family parts are equal, then PersonName1 is greater than
PersonName2 if the Given part of PersonName1 is lexically greater than the Given part of
PersonName2.
PersonName1: Smith,James
PersonName2: Smith,John
PersonName3: Smith,John David
PersonName4: Zimmerman, Trent
(PersonName1 > PersonName2) is false
(PersonName1 > PersonName3) is false
(PersonName3 > PersonName2) is true
(PersonName1 > PersonName1) is false
(PersonName4 > PersonName3) is true
Other operations: <>, >=, <, <=
You should also implement the above operations, whose semantics is hopefully obvious from the
descriptions above. The operators can typically be implemented quite simply in terms of the first two
operators.
family(PersonName) returns just the Family part of a name
PersonName1: Smith,James
PersonName2: O'Brien,Patrick Sean
PersonName3: Mahagedara Patabendige,Minosha Mitsuaki Senakasir
PersonName4: Clifton-Everest,David Ewan
family(PersonName1) returns "Smith"
family(PersonName2) returns "O'Brien"
family(PersonName3) returns "Mahagedara Patabendige"
family(PersonName4) returns "Clifton-Everest"
given(PersonName) returns just the Given part of a name
PersonName1: Smith,James
PersonName2: O'Brien,Patrick Sean
PersonName3: Mahagedara Patabendige,Minosha Mitsuaki Senakasir
PersonName4: Clifton-Everest,David Ewan
given(PersonName1) returns "James"
given(PersonName2) returns "Patrick Sean"
given(PersonName3) returns "Minosha Mitsuaki Senakasir"
given(PersonName4) returns "David Ewan"
show(PersonName) returns a displayable version of the name
It appends the entire Family name to the first Given name (everything before the first space, if any),
separated by a single space.
2020/3/20 14:57COMP9315 20T1 - Assignment 1
⻚码:7/7https://cgi.cse.unsw.edu.au/~cs9315/20T1/assignments/ass1/index.php
PersonName1: Smith,James
PersonName2: O'Brien,Patrick Sean
PersonName3: Mahagedara Patabendige,Minosha Mitsuaki Senakasir
PersonName4: Clifton-Everest,David Ewan
PersonName5: Bronte,Greta-Anna Maryanne
show(PersonName1) returns "James Smith"
show(PersonName2) returns "Patrick O'Brien"
show(PersonName3) returns "Minosha Mahagedara Patabendige"
show(PersonName4) returns "David Clifton-Everest"
show(PersonName5) returns "Greta-Anna Bronte"
Hint: test out as many of your C functions as you can outside PostgreSQL (e.g. write a simple test driver)
before you try to install them in PostgreSQL. This will make debugging much easier.
You should ensure that your definitions capture the full semantics of the operators (e.g. specify
commutativity if the operator is commutative). You should also ensure that you provide sufficient definitions
so that users of the PersonName type can create hash-based indexes on an attribute of type PersonName.
Submission
You need to submit two files: pname.c containing the C functions that implement the internals of the
PersonName data type, and pname.source containing the template SQL commands to install the
PersonName data type into a PostgreSQL server. Do not submit the pname.sql file, since it contains
absolute file names which are not helpful in our test environment.
Have fun, jas
51作业君 51作业君

Email:51zuoyejun

@gmail.com

添加客服微信: ITCSdaixie